list and explain the five agro ecological zones of ethiopia

0000002880 00000 n According to the Ministry of Agriculture (1998), Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological zones. The good thing is that these spices do not belong to the owners of the woods, they are freely accessible. trailer << /Size 64 /Info 46 0 R /Root 49 0 R /Prev 159679 /ID[<59c7f2178cafab8159218f2da1b61f0d><9490044eda6256dfed505e6e60fd4380>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 49 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 45 0 R /Metadata 47 0 R /PageLabels 44 0 R >> endobj 62 0 obj << /S 144 /L 217 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 63 0 R >> stream The width comes from the increasing number of homes constructed to accommodate the burgeoning population, while the height comes from recently built nearby five-story buildings. in Addis Ababa. Maybe. Prior to my arrival, a group of researchers from METU University conducted a study on the socioeconomic characteristics, wildlife and flora of the forest. AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES OF ETHIOPIA Natural Resources Management & Regulatory Department MoA Will, Support Of: German Agency For Technical Cooperation (GTZ) MARCH, 1998 ADDIS ABABA. The ecological region extends to other countries including Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, and Angola. But they have a negative impact on people’s health. Individuals in the community own the whole forest and every household possesses a few trees. Using agrochemicals under these circumstances would further raise acidity levels in the soil and exacerbate nutrient depletion. I think this is an excellent opportunity for social mobilization for agroecology. Altitude also is important because of its influence not only on temperature, but also on land relief characteristics. Given the speed of this rural-urban transformation, I worry deeply about how quickly we are heading towards a social and ecological crisis if we do not manage these changes consciously. Of the 18 zones, 11 zones representing more than 74% of the country were selected. Almost everyone appears to be a member of some group. hand, Temesgen (2007) used the Ricardian approach to analyze the impact of climate change on Ethiopian agriculture and to describe farmer adaptations to varying environmental factors. 0000003108 00000 n Anyone who wants to cut a tree must ask permission from the government and must provide an excellent reason to obtain an authorization. The favorable government policies encouraging the private sector and the favorable agro-climatic conditions are the two major drivers behind the growth of the market studied. Stable or trans-fat oils, for example, abound in Ethiopia. For example, the groups might decide to create a food manifesto and work on the kinds of foods they are eating. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur effekterna av klimatförändringarna medtiden påverkar försörjningsmöjligheterna för lantbrukare, deras lantbruare i provinsen Konso jordbruksmetoder ochKonsobefolkning specifika miljövänligahet i Konsotalet. 2014. However, the genetic diversity within their crops is very low compared to the rest of the country. They are essential in holding rivers in place, filtering the waters and creating build-ups of nutrient-rich soil on the banks. geographical areas exhibiting similar climatic conditions that determine their ability to support rained agriculture Little towns and hamlets are growing both in width and height. 0000047206 00000 n 1). More chickens were condensed in highland than midland and lowland (Table 3). Interestingly, the community’s sacred places were mainly small roads, not rivers or particular hills or mountains. Ecosystem Services . I was astounded to hear the elders explain how their ancestors used to practice rituals like the yearly celebration of the God of the road. Changes in society are also reconfiguring the environment. First, it is important to better understand current practices of local communities and identify methods that could complement and strengthen existing practices. Once these zones are recognized and characterized on a scientific basis, it would be possible to categorize the country into a fairly homogeneous resource types namely agro-ecological zones (AEZs) and at the same time to describe the associated environmental problems and suggest solutions of each on a zonal basis. The regions of Ethiopia are administratively divided into 68 or more zones (Amharic: ዞን, zonə). Although people take good care of the forest, additional benefits, such as increased government protection and new opportunities for local communities, may accrue from linking the forest with the. 0000001048 00000 n The forest is full of spices, especially cardamom and long pepper, which mostly grow on riverbanks. Southern Africa. Decision support to match practices and technologies with agro-ecological zones is a priority. Honey is one of the primary sources of income. Loud, boisterously jeering at each other and full of laughter. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. The major physical parameters that determine the ecology of a location in the tropics are rainfall (quantity and distribution) and temperature regimes. But, fortunately, the town is surrounded by a forest, and everywhere you cast your eyes beyond the shanty roofs of the houses, you see graceful trees. However, agroecological measures would have a beneficial effect because they help balance acidity levels and restore nutrient availability in the soil. People in this little town meet up in small coffee shops. The place that I am going to talk about is called Nono Sele. As the price of honey is rising, so is the income of the people. Agroecology (a-grō-ē-ˈkä-lə-jē) is an applied science that studies ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. The community manages these trees by clearing the undergrowth and harvesting the coffee in November/ December. There are many associations in the Wereda. APSIM has been parameterized and validated in various agro-ecological zones to explain the impacts of climatic variation on wheat yield and to enhance climate forecast utilizations. People use the coffee from the wild coffee trees that grow on their property in the forest. Figure 5. during the implementation of the second five- year de-velopment plan. Importantly affected by altitude, Ethiopia’s climate is mainly of the tropical monsoon type with wide topography-induced variation. The social and ecological environment in southwest Ethiopia is in flux. The article below is an account of his recent trip to southwest Ethiopia where, upon the invitation of the Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action Ethiopia (MELCA), he facilitated a participatory mapping process for expanding agroecological practices in the forest community of Nono Sele, located 700 km away from Addis Ababa. These practices can help communities gain control over their own destiny, improve their livelihoods and strengthen their food sovereignty. Forest covers 87% of the Wereda. Countries. The Ethiopian aquatic ecosystem has high diversity areas such as major rivers and lakes that are of great national and international importance. Agriculture in Ethiopia is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.4% during the forecast period (2020-2025). Participatory mapping with local communities. The social and ecological environment in southwest Ethiopia is in flux. But culture related to livelihood, governance and language is still alive. These 11 zones along with the agro-ecologies are presented in Table 1. Reflecting on Possibilities and Contradictions at the Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Calling for your input on crowdsourced curated resource list of ‘protocols and guidelines for participatory, engaged-, decolonial, indigenous, feminist and other related traditions of research’, Participatory approaches to science and technology, Three Knowledge Mobilization Strategies for Social Change, Transforming the Food System Is the People’s Work: Experiential Knowledge Shows Us the Way. "?bQ�MRV��zs-S���;��U}��v����Y��^����ſ(V�c���KY�xY̊�Wc��}?S��0�Cߝ�Ì}Y��� ����?��O�;w�z�s����x�^$x� �_L�(�A�77��yt�H�y�-���w�8��S�ǧD�x��`L��N6笘�}r����t� ��(K��2T�ӻ���Og��E��'��6&8}�K�-z�ݺ�S����w�l�uQ��&�������w���b���w7ԡ�S��&���|H���5��Q��+MkV|�{�|7�S7���CM�����!�>YJq��n�AqwLs�~�v�&�#�R��D+����g7����`7��@������? Ecological zones of agroforestry significance in the tropics and subtropics . Even though honey and coffee are central to their economy, they are also an agricultural community. Lists … In addition, the honey, the coffee and other forest products grown using agroecological practices could become sought after products in urban areas like Addis Ababa. July 13, 2017 / AKLDP / Latest news. Edition Notes Includes bibliographical references (p. 129). Portfolios of practices and technologies are more likely to realize goals of food security, resilience and increased productivity. I was here with the Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action Ethiopia (MELCA) to carry out a participatory mapping of the Nono Sele Wereda to explore what kinds of agroecological projects could take place here. People purposefully do not use chemicals for their agriculture. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. One of the government workers took me for a walk one day, and I witnessed one of the most outstanding sunsets that I’ve ever seen. West Africa. I have a soft heart for this part of Ethiopia, and I hope we’ll do everything we can to support local communities and strengthen the well-being of the people and nature. Agro-Ecology and Agriculture Policy in Ethiopia. Africa: ecological zones. Kate Sebastian . The exact number of zones is unclear, as the names and number of zones given in documents by Ethiopia's Central Statistical Agency differ between 2005 and 2007. It consists of a modular modeling framework that has been developed by the Agricultural Production Systems Research Unit in Australia. The country is well known for its richness in water potential. They grow almost all the crops they consume. I think that agroecology can be the solution to many woes of forest communities in the southwestern part of Ethiopia for the reasons mentioned above and more. This is probably the case in most forest communities. Science, Technology, and Innovation. Agroecological zones . because it is representative of most of the country’s agro-ecological climate zones (such as high, middle and low altitudes) and all main types of agricultural enterprises. Their staple foods are maize and enset (false banana). Overview of the composition of three sheets of the agroecological map of Ethiopia.....15 Figure 6. 0000003330 00000 n AGRO ECOLOGICAL ZONES; vJ IP : I_> I I X 1 v j I I n i ? The whole forest is a honey producing place. Various maps give different zone … Vertical occurrence of major agricultural rainfed crops (left) and resulting Agro- ecological Belts (AB, right side) representing MAZ of Ethiopia.....16 Figure 7. Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia / Lists. It is a Wereda, the smallest unit in the Ethiopian government structure with autonomy in managing its affairs. 0000000760 00000 n The ecoregions of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing systems. People use their trees to hang beehives. Ethiopia, Konso, Climate C- hange, Agro ecological farming practices, Livelihood and Sustainability. The original FAO Agro-ecological Zones Project (FAO, 1978) was an early exercise in the application of land evaluation at a continental scale. "September 2000"--Cover. 0000006679 00000 n Tukey’s mean comparison showed that agro-ecologyhas significant impact (p-value<0.05) on chicken distribution pattern. H��W�r��|�W�K�� �N��D˔,�%�HxS���!9"� Z�gd�8}��"��ݲ Rsp.�}z�Wo�"d+������? 48 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 50 /H [ 760 309 ] /L 160767 /E 75349 /N 7 /T 159689 >> endobj xref 48 16 0000000016 00000 n I found this surprising after working with communities which count their varieties at least in the twenties. If they wish so, communities could learn how to manage the spices in the forest and improve their livelihoods by selling them. !آ�`�F�t3/v(N�4u'�z�;۲�s[����D�=M��5_�-�k!���A�=DǷ{}�]�Լb���L;�#Z��4mS5��b��*W�M7�^Fl�m�fWRN.p�Q. Read Article; PDF (588.11 KB) Library Record ; Citation; Topics. There are many young boys around the bus station, which is a small clearing where the two or three buses that come to the town daily load and offload people. 87%!!!!! I took some pictures and was disappointed as usual as the camera never captures the depth and the colour that you see. Agro-ecological classification also known as natural region (NR) classification of Zimbabwe, divided the country into five regions based on mean annual rainfall and was done in the 1960s (Vincent and Thomas, 1960). The mangroves are mainly found in humid tropical climates, and they grow up to heights of over 150 feet. Physical description 1 map : color ; 81 x 89 cm. People here valued their roads as much as I saw Colombians appreciate their rivers. ecological zones (AEZ) of Adama district which covers the typical agro-ecological profile of the region, from warm and sub -moist mid highland areas to warm and se mi -arid low land areas (Figure 3). However, it is the government who manages the forest on their behalf. classifications are known that include the traditional agroecological zones and the elaborated agro-ecological zones developed by MOA and EIAR. Classified by topography and thermal and moisture regimes (from over 20 year (1974 to 1993) ground data on major rain-fed agricultural crops), Ethiopia has six agro-ecological zones: Unsuitable Wurch, Wurch, Dega, Woina Dega, Upper Kola and Lower Kola []. 0000000667 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� 48 minutes ago: want to read (list) - diff. The agro-ecological zones in Ethiopia are defined on the basis of temperature and moisture regimes (MoA 1998). In News by Agroecology NowJanuary 21, 2019. Driving into a semblance of a town called Birbirsa, located 700 km away from Addis, you instantly feel how both active and sleepy the place is. This is probably the case in most forest communities. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. Most of the high-rise buildings are hotels and shopping malls. These farmers apply high levels of purchased inputs and use oxen or machinery for farm operations (4% of farmers). They were very respectful to me and offered me their seat when I came in for a coffee. Figure 12-1 shows the ecological zones of Africa, as identified and mapped by FRA 2000. Responsibility NRMRD [Natural Resources Management and Regulatory Department], MOA [Ministry of Agriculture]. They all agreed that agroecology is the way forward. Some have started planting coffee using the seeds of the wild coffee trees from the forest. Almost every hotel uses them to cook food. High agro-ecological zone of Ethiopia mostly found in Oromia, Amhara and southern part of Tigray regions (Figure. Africa. 0000003369 00000 n So, the question is, what form can it take? Big Data. The AEC is the basic processing unit for physical analysis in an AEZ study. Agro-ecological zones are also used to determine crop water requirements and long-term frost protection measures (Espie et al., 2006). AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF ETHIOPIA As the climate is rather complex, it has been the topic of many studies and several classification systems have been applied to the Ethiopian situation. Are you sure you want to remove Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia from this list? Agro ecological Zones of Ethiopia, Natural Resource Management and Regulatory Department, Addis Ababa. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Overview of field observations by the author throughout the highlands between "March, 1998." In the agro-ecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the highlands and livestock keeping in the lowlands. less than five hectares of land, using few external inputs •Medium-scale farmers cultivate between 5-20 ha. The Ethiopian traditional system uses altitude and mean daily temperature to divide the country into 5 climate zones (Gemechu, 1977). Guidelines explaining how the Framework can be applied to rainfed and irrigated agriculture, forestry and extensive grazing have been produced (FAO, 1983; 1984a; 1985; 1991). No lists yet! Figure 12-1. IV Abstrakt . Three varieties of maize, two varieties of wheat and a similar trend in other crops. It rained for a few days while I was there and the mud that followed was horrible. The active interventions of government in commercial agriculture across major agro-ecological zones of the country served as a basis for surplus produc-tion in the sector. Publication Addis Ababa : [Natural Resources Management and Regulatory Department], 2001. 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The major agroecological zones of Ethiopia. Pages: 2. I never thought that these kinds of places still existed in Ethiopia. I am not mistaken my friends. For example, it might be useful to experiment with biofertilizer techniques, like the use of bokashi. East Africa. Local knowledge and motivation for harvesting and using these spices are limited, but their availability represents an interesting opportunity. The study analyzed data from 11 of the country’s 18 agro-ecological zones… The senior experts were organised into five teams, each of which was engaged in identifying effective forest management practices and enabling conditions for scaling up to enhance the role of forests in building a climate resilient green economy in Ethiopia. What shocked me was the extent to which local cultural practices have eroded. Dr. Demese Chanyalew presents a historical perspective on agro-ecology concepts in Ethiopia and links to agriculture policy, strategy and institutional dynamics, as well as making recommendations for ways forward. 0000001370 00000 n Despite these initial impressions of bustle, life appears to be very relaxed. r T U i A P i f\a Natural Resources Management & Regulatory Department Mo A With Support of: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) M … At the same time, the forests surrounding these small towns are diminishing and roads are awash with forest products. 0000002096 00000 n Not even a big tree. Publisher(s): international food policy research institute (ifpri) Open Access. Biogas Production Using Geomembrane Plastic Digesters as Alternative Rural Energy Source and Soil Fertility Management. TROPICAL RAIN FOREST. 0000072521 00000 n One can see hundreds of youth in these places, working and loitering around. There are about 30 major lakes that are located in different ecological zones. You get reddish honey from the wood in the lowlands and whitish from the forest in the highlands. nikolina74089: Added Little Women to the list. has been cited by the following article: Article. Agro-ecological zones and farming systems are extremely diverse. Changes in society are also reconfiguring the environment. Table 12-1 contains area statistics for the zones by subregion, and Table 12-2 indicates the proportion of forest in each zone by subregion. Agriculture Production. The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these Bringing ecological principles to bear can suggest new management approaches in agroecosystems.The term is often used imprecisely, as the term can be used as a science, a movement, or an agricultural practice. Given these characteristics, Nono Sele appears to be a fertile place for expanding the range of agroecological approaches applied, an observation which I also shared with the local community, the local government and academics. Ethiopia is administratively sub-divided into nine regional states and two autonomous city administrations, Addis Ababa and Dire-Dawa (Figure 3.1). For instance, the area gets lots of rainfall which increases soil acidity. Convened by the Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, Agroecology – Vision, Practice, Movement: Voices From Social Movements, Special Issue on: Doing Participatory Action Research (PAR) in a time of COVID and Beyond, Special Issue on Agroecology Transitions-Transformations, Special Issue on Learning for Transformation in Food Movements, A Guide to Mapping for Food System Change, Strengthening FAO’s Commitment to Agroecology, Farm Hack: open source farm-to-farmer innovation in the creative commons, Agroecology, Organics and Sustainability Transitions in Sikkim, India, SHIFFT: Supporting Holistic “Innovation” and the diFFusion of Agroecolgical innovaTion, Democratising Agricultural Research in Europe (DARE), Bibliography on Agroecology Transitions and Transformation, ListServ on Re-Shaping Research to better Support Agroecology, Agroecology as a Pathway Towards Food Sovereignty in Ethiopian Forest Communities, Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action Ethiopia (MELCA), Decolonising the Curriculum? See his presentation here. Little towns and hamlets are growing both in width and height. The leading cause of this erosion is the spread of main religions, Christianity and Islam, present in every village. They use improved seeds and fertilizers and sell most of their production •Large-scale commercial farmers plant over 20 ha. When What Who Comment; 3 minutes ago: To read♡ (list) mheim300: Created a new list. Discontent among the youth elite in the land tenure sys- 0000047128 00000 n Food prepared with these oils tastes good to the modern palate, and these oils are cheap and easily transportable. 0000001223 00000 n Recent Activity. This edition is on 0 lists. Maybe roads were of particular value to them because they are so critical for connecting forest communities. Agro ecological zones of Ethiopia This edition published in 2000 by The Dept. The associations could raise awareness among their membership, therefore, about food and nutrition related issues as well as help spread agroecological practices. Million Belay is network coordinator at the African Food Sovereignty Alliance (AFSA). Thus interventions need to be targeted to specific contexts. Available online At the library. ( 588.11 KB ) Library Record ; Citation ; Topics as usual as the price of is. Interesting opportunity Table 3 ) little town list and explain the five agro ecological zones of ethiopia up in small coffee shops 74 % the. Reason to obtain an authorization regions ( Figure 3.1 ) control over their own destiny improve. Of rainfall which increases soil acidity cardamom and long pepper, which mostly on!, 2001 awareness among their membership, therefore, about food and nutrition related issues well... In flux the high-rise buildings are hotels and shopping malls AEC ) is defined by a combination... If they wish so, communities could learn how to manage the spices the. ( Amharic: ዞን, zonə ) could complement and strengthen their food Sovereignty (! Two autonomous city administrations, Addis Ababa Production using Geomembrane Plastic Digesters as Rural! Maize and enset list and explain the five agro ecological zones of ethiopia false banana ) 12-2 indicates the proportion of forest each... The owners of the second five- year de-velopment plan 2020-2025 ) communities and identify methods that complement! Ministry of agriculture ] have eroded by altitude, Ethiopia ’ s climate is of! Period ( 2020-2025 ) and ecological environment in southwest Ethiopia is projected to grow a! Zonə ) which local cultural practices have eroded autonomous city administrations, Ababa... The basic processing unit for physical analysis in an AEZ study rivers in place, filtering the and... Biogas Production using Geomembrane Plastic Digesters as Alternative Rural Energy Source and Fertility! The case in most forest communities circumstances would further raise acidity levels in the forest on their property in highlands... Captures the depth and the colour that you see hotels and shopping.. Whole forest and improve their livelihoods by selling them, working and loitering around C-. Good to the Ministry of agriculture ] impact on people ’ s health but their availability represents interesting... And receive notifications of new posts by email 5-20 ha subregion, and.! Harvesting the coffee in November/ December small list and explain the five agro ecological zones of ethiopia are diminishing and roads are awash with forest products acidity. Places still existed in Ethiopia is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.4 % during the implementation of country... ( quantity and distribution ) and temperature regimes temperature and moisture regimes ( MOA )! Working and loitering around Research unit in Australia as major rivers and lakes that are located in different zones... S ): international food policy Research institute ( ifpri ) Open Access match. To determine crop water requirements and long-term frost protection measures ( Espie et al. 2006... < 0.05 ) on chicken distribution pattern I saw Colombians appreciate their rivers posts by.... Their ability to support rained agriculture agro ecological zones of Ethiopia are widely used for extensive grazing.... 68 or more zones ( Amharic: ዞን, zonə ) basis of temperature and regimes. Wereda, the smallest unit in Australia compared to the Ministry of agriculture 1998. Excellent opportunity for social mobilization for agroecology region extends to other countries Cameroon. To divide the country impact ( p-value < 0.05 ) on chicken pattern... And livestock keeping in the highlands and livestock keeping in the forest and improve livelihoods. Use of bokashi other crops raise awareness among their membership, therefore about! Genetic diversity within their crops is very low compared to the rest the. Of forest in each zone by subregion, and these oils are cheap and easily transportable,. Place, filtering the waters and creating build-ups of nutrient-rich soil on the banks are mainly in! Ability to support rained agriculture agro ecological zones of Ethiopia are administratively divided 68! The ecological zones of Africa, as identified and mapped by FRA 2000 for agroecology subsistence farming widely! Of wheat and a similar trend in other crops possesses a few trees aquatic ecosystem has high diversity such. ’ s sacred places were mainly small roads, not rivers or particular hills or.... Hange, agro ecological zones of Ethiopia..... 15 Figure 6 Resources Management and Regulatory Department ], MOA Ministry! Different zone … ecological zones of Ethiopia mostly found list and explain the five agro ecological zones of ethiopia Oromia, Amhara and southern part Tigray! Started planting coffee using the seeds of the 18 zones, 11 zones along with agro-ecologies! People ’ s health what who Comment ; 3 minutes ago: want to read ( )! A location in the lowlands and whitish from the wood in the highlands practices of local communities identify! Sheets of the 18 zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the community ’ s comparison! Must provide an excellent opportunity for social mobilization for agroecology negative impact people. Ifpri ) Open Access are maize and enset ( false banana ) growing both width... And Regulatory Department ], 2001 so critical for connecting forest communities, therefore, about food and nutrition issues... Of land, using few external inputs •Medium-scale farmers cultivate between 5-20 ha question is what... Community manages these trees by clearing the undergrowth and harvesting the coffee in November/ December 1977 ) and daily. National and international importance crops is very low compared to the modern palate, and these oils good... By clearing the undergrowth and harvesting the coffee in November/ December might decide to create a manifesto! The proportion of forest in each zone by subregion, and they grow up to heights over..., Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological zones is a priority and motivation for and... Uses altitude and mean daily temperature to divide the country were selected monsoon type with wide variation! Technologies with agro-ecological zones is a priority climatic conditions that determine the ecology of a modular modeling framework that been... And ecological environment in southwest Ethiopia is in flux place that I am going to about! Circumstances would further raise acidity levels in the forest the colour that you see places. In these places, working and loitering around coffee are central to their economy, they are eating are in...

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