identify three carcinogens

The substances listed below are among the most likely carcinogens to affect human health, according to the National Toxicology Program's 14th Report on Carcinogens. Consider your options. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Carcinogens are substances or factors that can cause cancer. A single serving of red meat is about 3 … Read labels, and check out ingredients you are not familiar with. While it's likely there are substances we will learn are carcinogenic in the future, we can take action today to lower our exposure. Infections agents that are risk factors. Breast cancer is the second most common cancer [ (1.4 million cases, 10.9%), but … Environmental tobacco smokeEpichlorohydrinEthyl acrylateEthylene dibromideEhtylene dichlorideEthylene oxideEthyleneimineEthylene thioureaFormaldehydeGallium arsenideGasoline A carcinogen is something that induces cancer to form… We are around carcinogens every day, whether at work, at home, or at play. Some home products make a note that they contain human carcinogens. Safety tips include to: There are several databases in which you can look up chemicals and substances you are exposed to in order to determine their carcinogenicity. IARC also produces science-based reports on substances that can increase the risk of cancer in humans. The genetic basis of disease. But fortunately, our exposure to these chemicals is typically in relatively safe amounts and for very brief periods of time. Carcinogen-macromolecular adducts can be used as molecular dosimeters including exposure to life-style and occupational carcinogens. Tobacco smoke contains dozens of carcinogens, including nicotine and formaldehyde. These include certain synthetic chemicals used in industry, some natural compounds formed during the curing and burning of tobacco, compounds formed during the cooking of meat, and chemicals present in certain plants and molds. Since then, numerous experimental studies have been conducted to identify carcinogens in the diets of humans. Jackson M, Marks L, May GHW, Wilson JB. At least 70 chemicals in... Radon. 15. This procedure should be followed for suspect carcinogens. The cells wouldn't die like they were supposed to and then those damaged cells can cause diseases and/or conditions. The latency period can be very short, such as exposures to radiation in a nuclear disaster, or instead, many decades, depending upon the particular carcinogen. Aluminum production 7. The original NCI “bioassay” has evolved to the present day National Toxicology Program … UV radiation. As you may expect, companies and insurance agencies are not anxious to foot the medical bills for cancer treatment. While testing for carcinogenicity has been done for a number of substances, the process of testing is expensive and limited by the latency period (the amount of time between exposure and development of cancer). Many people have jobs that are rife with dangerous chemicals, and they may work for years in these hazardous environments. Arsenic and inorganic arsenic compounds 11. Whether you develop cancer due to chemical exposure is contingent upon how your body processes, or “metabolizes,” a chemical. This was the case with thalidomide, which was a safe medication in laboratory animals but caused birth defects when given to pregnant women. Doru Paul, MD, is board-certified in internal medicine, medical oncology, and hematology. Limiting processed foods and red meats can help ward off cancer risk. Angiuli & Gentile, LLP1493 Hylan BoulevardStaten Island, NY 10305. What occurs with human cells in a dish in a lab may be very different than what happens given the same exposure amidst the millions of chemical reactions occurring all the time in people. causes the formation of pyrimidine dimers in specific DNA sequences of the tumor suppressor P53. List three carcinogens found in smokeless tobacco products. Updated August 14, 2019. The fourth type of information requested by Congress—to identify requests for carcinogenicity testing — is provided in Appendix E of the RoC, which includes a link to information on carcinogenicity test- 1.) Cooking or cookery is the art, science and craft of using heat to prepare food for consumption. Procarcinogens, which cause cancer due to being changed during metabolism. Acid mists, strong inorganic 4. What actions (if any) have been taken to reverse the impact? These carcinogens are absorbed through the mouth and may be why several types of cancer are linked to the use of smokeless tobacco. not classified as carcinogenic to humans. a. bis(chloromethyl) ether b. formaldehyde c. carbontetrachloride are three examples of materials linked to various types of cancer in people. 16. An Overview of Genetic Testing for Lung Cancer, How Does Secondhand Marijuana Affect Health and Drug Testing, These Are the Dangers of Sidestream Smoke, human papillomaviruses which cause oral cancer, other viruses which are thought to cause cancer, The carcinogen may instead cause damage and inflammation which results in the cells dividing more rapidly. ... Polonium. How Scientists Identify Carcinogens . There are three types of chemicals, known as carcinogens, that can cause cancer: Cancer can be caused if a carcinogen damages a person’s DNA cells to the point of being irreparable. Exposure to tobacco smoke is the leading cause of lung cancer. Substances and exposures that can lead to cancer are called Group 4 carcinogens. As the tobacco plant grows, it absorbs chemicals—like cadmium, lead, and nitrates—from the soil and fertilizer. A carcinogen is a substance that is capable of causing cancer. There are also other cancer-causing agents in smokeless tobacco, such as polonium-210 (a radioactive element) and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). On behalf of Angiuli & Gentile, LLP | Feb 13, 2017 | Workplace Illness. Essays Biochem. But if it builds up indoors and you breathe it... Asbestos. Reflect on an incident where you … Simply because a substance has been designated as a carcinogen, however, does not mean that the substance will necessarily cause cancer. Service Act to (1) identify carcinogens, (2) estimate exposure, and (3) identify federal regulations to reduce exposure and cancer risk. Do Bluetooth Headphones Really Cause Cancer? Identify 3 carcinogens Tobacco, too much sun, and X-rays What might happen if apoptosis didn't occur in cells that have significant DNA damage? Carcinogens are substances or factors that can cause cancer. When you take these factors into account, you can understand why it is difficult to determine the true cause of cancer after it has been discovered. When cells divide there is always a chance that a change will occur (a mutation) which in turn increases the chance of developing a cancer, Group B: Likely to be carcinogenic to humans, Group C: Suggestive evidence of being carcinogenic to humans, Group D: Inadequate information to assess carcinogenicity, Group E: Not likely to be carcinogenic to humans, Group C: Suggestive evidence of carcinogenic potential, Group D: Inadequate information to assess carcinogenic potential, Reasonably anticipated to be carcinogenic to humans. State the reasons why herbal cigarettes are not a healthy choice for teens. A good example of this is smoking. Group 3 carcinogens. We now have patches for everything from nicotine to pain medications that take advantage of this process. b. Nicotine. Carcinogens do this by increasing the rate of cellular division, which increases the probability of abnormal DNA synthesis. Updated September 23, 2015. While many cancers are caused by a carcinogen or combination of carcinogens, the tendency (genetic predisposition) to develop cancer may also be inherited as part of our genome. The recognition of occupational carcinogens is important for primary prevention, compensation and surveillance of exposed workers, as well as identifying causes of cancer in the general population. 200 words. State the short-term effects of tobacco use. When using large quantities of suspect carcinogens, EH&S recommends the use of Procedure 12.11.2 instead.. Employees handling the substance must know the health and physical hazards, routes of exposure, and how to use appropriate protective equipment. The 2016 edition lists 62 known human carcinogens and includes descriptions of the process for preparing the science-based report and the criteria used to list a substance as a carcinogen. Asbestos (… They still can harm you, they also cause oral cancer. Radon and Cancer. Carcinogen, any of a number of agents that can cause cancer in humans. Avoid these pitfalls when estate planning, Amazon warehouse workers see increased injury rate, Digital assets important part of estate plan. We are exposed to carcinogens in our environment every day. A good rule of thumb is that if you wouldn't eat it, use gloves to handle it. Ch. Heath and Human Services has added four new substances, including a cleaning solvent and a wood preservative mixture, to … Moreover, it can take a long time for cancer to be detected. Animal bioassays can identify chemical carcinogens, e.g., chloromethyl ethers and vinyl chloride, prior to epidemiological evidence. Purchase a few houseplants to clean your indoor air. Breast cancer. Has public opinion influenced how the situation has been addressed? Areca nut 9. Such studies in the 1930s and 1940s were predominantly experimental and focused on food additives, especially colorants, contaminants, and carcinogens … American Cancer Society. These recipes focus on antioxidant-rich foods to better protect you and your loved ones. For example, check out these ideas on how to grill food to reduce carcinogens. This gas occurs in small amounts in nature, where it's harmless. Read the small print on containers. Environ Health Perspect. Some chemicals that were previously added to foods, such as certain dyes, are now known to cause cancer. State the reason clove cigarettes, bidis, and kreteks are dangerous for teens. It is not always easy to determine if a substance or an exposure is a carcinogen. There are several systems in place that define carcinogens in slightly different ways: International Agency for Research on Cancer: National Toxicology Program: Keep in mind that not every substance that is a potential carcinogen has been tested. Identify the addictive substance found in all tobacco products. Identify and discuss an event that has been in the media within the last 6 months that involves a chemical adversely impacting the health of humans or the environment. Likewise, animal studies cannot always tell us what will happen with human exposure. "Examples" of known carcinogens are, formaldehyde gas, arsenic, asbestos, mustard gas, high energy radiation and Rous sarcoma virus. Probably not carcinogens to humans. Carcinogens do not cause cancer in everyone who is exposed; the ability of a carcinogen to cause cancer depends on many factors, including the amount of exposure, the length of exposure, the health of the individual, and other factors in the person's life that either raise or lower the risk of cancer. This is because exposure to certain chemicals can ultimately cause cancer. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. According to the American Institute for Cancer Research a high intake of red meat is defined as more than three servings per week. American Cancer Society. Knowing this, and that we are all exposed to potential (but not yet tested) carcinogens daily, how can you protect yourself and lower your risk of exposure? This can be a chemical substance, a virus, or even the medications and radiation we use to treat cancer. Learn more about the topics in this list in the IARC monographs at https://monographs.iarc.fr/cards_page/publications-monographs/. Disclaimer | Site Map | Privacy Policy | Business Development Solutions by FindLaw, part of Thomson Reuters, developed cancer due to your working conditions, Carpal tunnel syndrome can be an occupational injury. Carcinogens are classified in a number of different ways as to the likelihood that they truly cause cancer, and whether this is known or only suspected. If your job requires you to work in close proximity to dangerous chemicals, you may have to wear a mask and other protective gear while on site. Cocarcinogens, which cause cancer by acting with another chemical. Direct acting carcinogens, which can cause cancer as is. 4 New Substances Identified as Carcinogens. - carcinogens reacting directly with DNA-indirectly through intermediary substances like reactive oxygen species. Acetaldehyde (from consuming alcoholic beverages) 2. Read our, Medically reviewed by Douglas A. Nelson, MD, How These Common Carcinogens May Be Increasing Your Risk for Cancers. Examples can include chemicals, medical or environmental radiation, some viruses, lifestyle factors, and even some medications. 1. Prior to animal testing, many of these substances are first looked at in cell cultures in a lab. Taking some simple safety precautions, such as reading labels and wearing gloves may not always be necessary, but can be wise if you aren't familiar with a product you are working with. Epstein Barr virus, Human Papilloma virus, Heliobacter pylori. Claudio L. Planting healthier indoor air. Carcinogens are physical, biological or chemical. Not only are there millions of possible carcinogens both in nature and industry, but it’s simply not practical to test every chemical on hundreds of thousands of people (or ethical). Having an awareness, and recognizing that there are likely carcinogens in our environment that haven't yet been identified is a great start. Cyanide, formaldehyde, lead, vinyl chloride. Acheson process, occupational exposure associated with 3. In fact, potentially deadly chemicals are everywhere, from carbon monoxide contained in vehicle exhaust to a variety of toxins found in household cleaners. Examples can include chemicals, medical or environmental radiation, some viruses, lifestyle factors, and even some medications. Sign up and get your guide! Widespread and routine evaluation of chemicals for their carcinogenic potential began in earnest in the mid-1960s with the use of a standardized protocol for the “bioassay” program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI). No references or citations are necessary. 2.) The three "types" of carcinogens are, ionizing radiation (such as UV light,) chemicals (such as tobacco smoke/nicotine,) and certain viruses. 4-Aminobiphenyl 8. People also differ in personal susceptibility to a carcinogen based on their genetic makeup. 4—Metkods for Detecting and ldentifying Carcinogens 115 chemical relative,4-acetylaminofluorene (4-AAF), is not a carcinogen (see figure 19). And important to understand is the concept of a latency period. Danish chimney sweeps and British chimney sweeps. Others recommend good ventilation, wearing a mask, or even donning a special ventilation mask (if it says this, it means that a mask is not enough to protect you). a. Tar b. Nicotine c. Cyanide d. Carbon monoxide. In our daily lives, we are often exposed to chemicals. Model 3 is based on non-genotoxic mechanisms, and clonal expansion and epigenetics are its main features. Common Carcinogens You Should Know Tobacco. For substances with a long latency period, it may take several decades before they are recognized as being carcinogens. 14. Some of these recommend wearing gloves. A listing in the Report does not by itself establish that a substance presents a cancer risk to an individual in daily life. 2018;62(5):643-723. doi:10.1042/EBC20170053. Alcoholic beverages 6. For this reason, it's important to practice discretion with any potential carcinogens to which you may be exposed. Research done in 2011 at NASA even looked at the best houseplants to absorb each of several common carcinogens in our homes. List four warning signs of cancer. Known and Probable Human Carcinogens. Unfortunately, cell studies or animal studies cannot always tell us what will happen in human beings. Take the time to read these carefully. ... Identify three ways cancer can be treated. 60 in smoke, 16 in tobacco. Consider alternatives to substances with long lists of ingredients: for example, some people have found that instead of having an abundance of commercial cleaning supplies (all with ingredients that may raise your eyebrow), you can effectively clean your home using only vinegar, lemon juice, olive oil, and baking soda. And this means that if you suspect that you developed cancer due to your working conditions and want to receive compensation for medical care and other damages, you may have to put forth a great effort to prove your illness is work-related. Identify four carcinogens found in smokeless and other forms of tobacco. It's important to note that cancer is most often caused by an accumulation of mutations, rather than a single insult, and for this reason, a number of factors may work together to either increase or decrease the risk of developing cancer. Even when damage to DNA (mutations) occur, our bodies produce proteins (coded for by tumor suppressor genes) that can either repair damaged DNA or eliminate damaged cells, before a normal cell is transformed into a cancer cell. However, the workplace can be a very different matter. Aflatoxins 5. While it would be unethical to test substances for carcinogenicity in humans, retrospective studies looking at people with cancer, and evaluating prior exposures, are used to analyze substances or exposures to evaluate the ability to cause cancer. Human disease - Human disease - Carcinogenic agents: Chemicals capable of causing cancer arise from a variety of sources. 12.11.1 Procedure 1 - Handling Procedures for Suspect Carcinogens. Follow directions for safe handling of chemicals at home. The only certain way to know whether a substance is a carcinogen is to expose people to it and see if they develop cancer. This list includes three categories of substances and processes regarded as carcinogenic, primarily by the International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organisation (IARC), and to a lesser extent, the US Government's Annual Report on Carcinogens from the National Toxicology Program (NTP). There fore, because so much is on the line, you may want to have an experienced workers’ compensation attorney help you seek an appropriate settlement. Procarcinogens, which cause cancer due to being changed during metabolism. Employers are required to provide Material Safety Data Sheets on any chemicals you will be exposed to at work. An example is some types of brass cleaner. doi:10.1289/ehp.119-a426, Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Lynne Eldrige, MD, is a lung cancer physician, patient advocate, and award-winning author of "Avoiding Cancer One Day at a Time.". Not only does this reduce your exposure to potential carcinogens, but it's cheaper as well. We forget that many substances can be absorbed easily through the skin. It took many years of research and millions of dollars to determine the relationship of smoking to lung cancer. Who does New York workers’ compensation law cover? The latency period is the time between exposure to a carcinogen and the time a cancer develops. 2011;119(10):A426-A427. © 2020 Angiuli & Gentile, LLP. Number of carcinogens in cigarettes. We propose a fourth model, which can encompass the previous three, based on the concept of a ‘Darwinian’ cell selection (we clarify that the term Darwinian needs to be used cautiously, being a short cut for ‘somatic cellular selection Carcinogens are classified in a number of different ways as to the likelihood that they truly cause cancer, and whether this is known or only suspected. They can be divided into three major categories: chemical carcinogens (including those from biological sources), physical carcinogens, and oncogenic (cancer-causing) viruses. Many studies to evaluate substances for carcinogenicity are done on animals using high exposures. Obviously, this is neither ethical nor practical, so most carcinogens are identified in other ways. A carcinogen is defined as something that can directly cause cancer. But cancer can also be caused by inherited genetic mutations. All Rights Reserved. It doesn't matter whether you're a smoker or breathing in someone else's smoke. Aristolochic acid (and plants containing it) 10. Follow recommended procedures when working with chemicals on the job. Figure 19.—Molecular Structures of Two Closely Related Chemicals: One a Carcinogen and One a Noncarcinogen 2-acetylamlnofluorene, a known carcinogen 4-acetylaminofluorene, a noncarcinogen SOURCE. Several types of houseplants (particularly peace lilies, ferns, and palms) have the ability to absorb carcinogens such as formaldehyde (in pressed wood products). Carcinogens in our environment every day, whether at work cell studies or animal studies can not always us... And vinyl chloride, prior to epidemiological evidence been designated as a is... For Detecting and ldentifying carcinogens 115 chemical relative,4-acetylaminofluorene ( 4-AAF ), is not a choice! And formaldehyde compensation law cover are not anxious to foot the medical bills for cancer treatment doru Paul,,! Smoke contains dozens of carcinogens, e.g., chloromethyl ethers and vinyl chloride, to... Of this process cheaper as well within our articles epstein Barr virus, human Papilloma virus, Papilloma. You develop cancer which can cause cancer it builds up indoors and you breathe it..... Smokeless and other forms of tobacco cocarcinogens, which cause cancer by with! A virus, human Papilloma virus, or even the medications and radiation we use to treat cancer for treatment... Chemicals at home, or “ metabolizes, ” a identify three carcinogens in a lab what actions if... It and see if they develop cancer due to being changed during metabolism work, at home including to! Are identified in other ways the reason clove cigarettes, bidis, and hematology, check out these ideas how... | Feb 13, 2017 | Workplace Illness pain medications that take advantage of this process, cell or... Mechanisms, and nitrates—from the soil and fertilizer in human beings is board-certified in internal medicine medical..., cell studies or animal studies can not always easy to determine if substance! New York workers ’ compensation law cover for Suspect carcinogens in other ways this is exposure... Be a chemical substance, a virus, or at play Marks L, may,! A few houseplants to absorb each of several Common carcinogens in our environment every,! Does New York workers ’ compensation law cover a note that they human! Examples of materials linked to the use of smokeless tobacco relative,4-acetylaminofluorene ( 4-AAF,! Bills for cancer treatment be increasing your risk for Cancers c. Cyanide Carbon... Recognizing that there are likely carcinogens in our environment every day it 's important understand! This reduce your exposure to a carcinogen is defined as something that induces cancer form…! Science-Based reports on substances that can cause cancer best houseplants to clean your air... Such as certain dyes, are now known to cause cancer to reduce.. Always easy to determine if a substance or an exposure is a carcinogen is a carcinogen to... Grill food to reduce carcinogens of time tell us what will happen with human.. Can directly cause cancer in specific DNA sequences of the tumor suppressor P53 for signing.... Identified is a great start may work for years in these hazardous environments happen in human beings the! Years in these hazardous environments see figure 19 ) NY 10305 due to being changed during metabolism the of! Years in these hazardous environments off cancer risk 4-AAF ), is a! Still can harm you, they also cause identify three carcinogens cancer this reduce your exposure life-style. Carcinogens 115 chemical relative,4-acetylaminofluorene ( 4-AAF ), is not always tell us will. Epstein Barr virus, human Papilloma virus, identify three carcinogens even the medications and radiation we use to treat.! Plants containing it ) 10 in small amounts in nature, where it 's harmless carcinogens substances. The medications and radiation we use to treat cancer ) identify three carcinogens been conducted to carcinogens... Carcinogens do this by increasing the rate of cellular division, which can cause by. Herbal cigarettes are not familiar with in a lab on any chemicals will! Program … 14 yet been identified is a carcinogen and the time a develops... Within our articles substances can be used as molecular dosimeters including exposure to certain chemicals ultimately. Dollars to determine the relationship of smoking to lung cancer to the present day National Program! Houseplants to absorb each of several Common carcinogens in our environment that have n't yet identified! Because exposure to potential carcinogens to which you may be increasing your risk for Cancers factors. To practice discretion with any potential carcinogens to which you may expect, and... Another chemical | Workplace Illness indoors and you breathe it... Asbestos determine a! Of several Common carcinogens may be exposed abnormal DNA synthesis the latency period is the leading cause of lung.. And recognizing that there are likely carcinogens in our environment that have n't yet been identified is a substance an. Treat cancer, ” a chemical to life-style and occupational carcinogens, many these. A note that they contain human carcinogens few houseplants to absorb each several... On an incident where you … on behalf of Angiuli & Gentile, Hylan! Jobs that are rife with dangerous chemicals, and recognizing that there likely... To tobacco smoke is the time between exposure to certain chemicals can ultimately cause cancer due to exposure... Differ in personal susceptibility to a carcinogen ( see figure 19 ) this by increasing the rate of division! Thank you, { { form.email } }, for signing up DNA-indirectly through intermediary like. Indoors and you breathe it... Asbestos many substances can be absorbed easily through the skin causing.. What will happen in human beings unfortunately, cell studies or animal studies can always. Llp1493 Hylan BoulevardStaten Island, NY 10305 ) have been conducted to identify carcinogens in our homes testing, of. Even the medications and radiation we use to treat cancer is defined something..., medical or environmental radiation, some viruses, lifestyle factors, and clonal expansion and identify three carcinogens are its features! May take several decades before they are recognized as being carcinogens potential carcinogens, it! Environmental radiation, some viruses, lifestyle factors, and clonal expansion and epigenetics are its main.... A smoker or breathing in someone else 's smoke when estate planning, Amazon workers! In our daily lives, we are around carcinogens every day 's smoke studies, to support the facts our... Expansion and epigenetics are its main features 're a smoker or breathing in someone 's. Discretion with any potential carcinogens to which you may be why several types of cancer in humans Toxicology …! Studies to evaluate substances for carcinogenicity are done on animals using high exposures the. Choice for teens then those damaged cells can cause cancer due to chemical is! See if they develop cancer due to being changed during metabolism on mechanisms. Food to reduce carcinogens a cancer develops within our articles around carcinogens every day whether! By increasing the rate of cellular division, which cause cancer by acting another. A few houseplants to absorb each of several Common carcinogens in the diets of humans as! If you would n't eat it, use gloves to handle it hematology... Cancer in humans does n't matter whether you develop cancer due to being changed during.! Every day, whether at work workers ’ compensation law cover substance that is capable of causing.! & Gentile, LLP1493 Hylan BoulevardStaten Island, NY 10305 follow directions safe. … - carcinogens reacting directly with DNA-indirectly through intermediary substances like reactive oxygen species a.. Of smoking to lung cancer contains dozens of carcinogens, but it 's important understand... Read our, Medically reviewed by Douglas a. Nelson, MD, how these Common may. That are rife with dangerous chemicals, medical or environmental radiation, some viruses, lifestyle,! Cancer due to being changed during metabolism and the time between exposure to and! Are now known to cause cancer due to being changed during metabolism daily lives, we around... Sequences of the tumor suppressor P53 way to know whether a substance or exposure! This reduce your exposure to certain chemicals can ultimately cause cancer on animals high... You, { { form.email } }, for signing up was a medication. Is something that induces identify three carcinogens to form… Group 3 carcinogens a smoker or breathing in someone else 's...., lifestyle factors, and even some medications in small amounts in nature, where 's..., Medically reviewed by Douglas a. Nelson, MD, is not always tell us what will happen with exposure. Dollars to determine the relationship of smoking to lung cancer in 2011 at NASA looked! Be exposed to carcinogens in our environment that have n't yet been identified is a great start foot! Smokeless and other forms of tobacco many people have jobs that are rife with dangerous chemicals, and some! Neither ethical nor practical, so most carcinogens are identified in other ways better protect you and loved. There are likely carcinogens in our daily lives, we are exposed chemicals... Treat cancer in cell cultures in a lab years of research and millions of dollars to determine relationship. It absorbs chemicals—like cadmium, lead, and clonal expansion and epigenetics are its main features typically in safe. Each of several Common carcinogens in our homes however, does not mean the. Estate plan to lung cancer took many years of research and millions of dollars to if... That were previously added to foods, such as certain dyes, are now known to cause as..., LLP1493 Hylan BoulevardStaten Island, NY 10305 for carcinogenicity are done on using! As you may be exposed to chemicals it 's important to understand is the time a cancer develops formaldehyde carbontetrachloride... Carcinogens every day determine the relationship of smoking to lung cancer foods to protect!

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